One of the main goals of identifying diabetes early is to avoid or limit the chance of a diabetes complications. Diabetics are at much greater risk of serious health complications from their disease than are people of normal health. These complications include the following:
1) Circulatory problems – these types of complications are at the center of many problems that can affect those with diabetes if the disease is not treated. The circulatory problems are usually caused by fatty deposits accumulating in the blood vessels of the body. At particular risk are the extremities such as the fingers, toes, and feet where the blood vessels are narrower. In extreme cases, the blood vessels of the body may become so blocked that they affect the nervous system – making it more difficult for the person to feel sensations. This is extremely dangerous because the person is then possibly unable to recognize the feeling of pain. This means that, if he is injured or suffers an infection, he may not even notice it. Without such a warning, the infection may fester until it becomes untreatable. In the very worse cases, of course, an infection can cause such damage that the limbs of a person may have to be amputated.
2) Heart disease – although diabetes may not directly cause heart disease, it certainly seems to be a contributing factor. According to researchers, once you have diabetes, you have essentially doubled your odds of getting heart disease as well. This may be due to the cholesterol abnormalities that diabetics are prone to have. The combination of cholesterol build up and fat deposits blocking the blood vessels inexorably lead to partial blockages of arteries leading to the heart. Once a certain threshold is reached, the risk of a heart attack increases.
3) Kidney complications – the kidney is critically important to the smooth functioning of the human body. It is the purifier of the body – specially the blood. It takes impurities from the blood and filters them out in the urine so they are unable to harm other parts of the body. Although very few diabetics actually develop kidney disease, a person with diabetes is much more likely to suffer kidney damage than someone of normal health. With proper treatment for his diabetes, however, the health of the kidney can be monitored and damage to it prevented. Of course, these are not the only complications that someone with diabetes may be subjected to. – but they do show how important it is that diabetics monitor their health.
If you are a diabetic, do not hide the fact from your friends. In the event of any diabetes complications while you are out and about, you want your friends to be aware of your condition if you need help. In fact, it is even a good idea to wear one of the many diabetes medical bracelets. This way, if you encounter a complication and are unable to communicate what is wrong with you, health professional will still know what type of care to give you. Diabetes is not the fatal disease that it once was. By carefully taking appropriate medications and by monitoring your symptoms, you can act to avoid diabetes complications and live a normal life.